Santa Isabel

  • Overview
  • Medical
  • Dental
  • Water
  • Business
  • Public Health

Overview

Santa Isabel is located in the mountainous region of central Nicaragua in the department of Jinotega. A typical house is made of wood. The community has access to a local health center within the community as well as both a primary and secondary school. 200 students attend the primary school with ten teachers and nine classrooms. The primary school goes up to grade six. Following primary school, students have the option of attending secondary school up to grade twelve. Currently, 200 students attend the secondary school with five teachers and nine classrooms. Most people in the community work as agricultural laborers and coffee farmers.

Global Brigades is currently working with the Medical Program in Santa Isabel and has been since the first Medical Brigade in May 2014. In their communication with Global Brigades, the top three needs expressed were lack of latrines or properly functioning latrines, improvements needed to the water system, and poor waste management and garbage disposal. Santa Isabel is on the waitlist for continuing Holistic Model implementation as part of Global Brigades’ strategic plan in Nicaragua.

Municipality: Jinotega

Department: Jinotega

Homes : 215
Population : 900
Water System : Yes
Community Bank : No
Electricity : Yes
Health Center : Yes
Community Health Workers : Yes
% of Homes with Latrines : 100%
Education : Up to 12th Grade
Distance from Lodging Facility : 1.5 hr

Medical

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

HEALTH CARE ACCESS:

Healthcare access in Nicaragua is structured by the Ministry of Health, based in the capital, Managua. From there, each of the fifteen departments has it’s own department hospital, which is overseen by the SILAIS administrations (Sistema Local de Atención Integral en Salud). At a municipality level, there is a health center (Centro de Salud) for every municipality within the department. While they are not hospitals, health centers in the municipality are typically staffed with one doctor, and two nurses, that can attend patients with chronic, communicable, or noncommunicable diseases, as well as pregnancies. They however, do not have the ability to perform surgeries. Lastly, most but not all communities have a Puesto de Salud, a smaller health center. These health centers are usually staffed with only one nurse and a rotating physician. Physicians are staffed in these health centers by Nicaragua’s Social Service. This is an initiative that requires Nicaraguan medical students to do two years of service in rural communities prior to graduating.  The physician density in Nicaragua is approximately 1,099 people for every one doctor.  According to the World Health Organization, there should be a maximum of 435 people per physician to qualify a country as having adequate access to medical attention. This density is significantly lower for the 40.6% of the population that lives in rural areas. It is for this reason that Nicaragua’s Social Service initiative brings medical students to these communities. However, access remains limited since these training physicians may be assigned to up to fifteen communities at a time.  

Santa Isabel has access to a health center within their community. Even with this access, it is important to note that medications, supplies, and materials are often not available in these health centers and are dependent on government funding. There is no access to private pharmacies. Additionally, as noted above, access to trained medical professionals is limited.

During their initial communications with Global Brigades, the top illnesses in children that Santa Isabel expressed were diarrhoeal diseases, and respiratory infections. For adults, common illnesses are chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, as well as arthritis. Without access to trained healthcare professionals and medications, chronic diseases can go unmanaged, leading to further health problems. Acute illnesses can also be severe and affect the quality of life.

131

Volunteers

915

Patient Consultations

22

Pap Smears Performed

COMMUNITY HEALTH WORKER:

Santa Isabel has six Community Health Workers that are trained by the Ministry of Health monthly. Community Health Workers, or Brigadistas de Salud, work on a volunteer basis as advocates for healthcare within their communities. They are tasked with treating and preventing common illnesses, and some of their responsibilities include first aid, supporting and caring for pregnancies and newborns, and responding to emergency situations. They are also responsible for following up with chronic patients to ensure proper administration of medications and treatments to avoid further complications. Global Brigades is planning to establish a partnership with Santa Isabel Community Health Workers and the Ministry of Health, and is looking forward to providing these Community Health Workers with blood pressure cuffs, stethoscopes, glucometers, and first aid kits, to facilitate more impactful work. The presence of these volunteers and their advocacy for health within their community contributes to the sustainability of healthcare supported by Global Brigades’ Medical Program and is one of the most impactful disease prevention strategies in rural communities.

BRIGADE INFORMATION:

Community members from Santa Isabel attend Medical Brigades in the health center of Santa Isabel . This location has rooms for triage, consultation, dentistry and pharmacy stations. The average amount of patients seen per day is 305 patients.

Santa Isabel offers strong support on Medical Brigades from the community volunteers. One way the 8-15 community volunteers assist is by running intake. Intake is the very first station of the clinic and is where the community volunteers write down the patient’s name, date of birth, community, and identification number. Additionally, community volunteers manage clinic organization. They set up tables and chairs in the clinic prior to the brigade’s arrival as well as direct patients to the next medical station, once the clinic has opened for the day. Lastly, community volunteers lead adult health education sessions on sanitation and hygiene, chronic diseases, contraception, Women’s health, and water purification. Santa Isabel’s community volunteers are essential the efficiency and effectiveness of Medical Brigades.

AVERAGE PATIENTS ATTENDED PER DAY: 305

NEARBY COMMUNITIES: SECTOR 38, 39, & 40

BRIGADE SITE: HEALTH CENTER

MEDICAL & DENTAL VOLUNTEERS IN THE COMMUNITY:

Chapter Date # Of Volunteers Chapter Date # Of Volunteers
Montclair State University Medical Brigade May 2014 16 Carnegie Mellon University Medical Brigade March 2015 29
San Francisco State University Medical Brigade May 2015 51 Vanderbilt University Medical Brigade March 2016 35

Dental

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

DENTAL CARE ACCESS:

While medical access is low, dental access is even more sparing. Dental services are not available within the community health centers, or even the municipality health centers. Instead, if a patient was needing dental care, they would be required to travel to one of the country’s fifteen department hospitals. This could be up to a 2-3 hour bus ride, with many needing to first walk or horseback ride to the bus stop.

53

Patients Consultations

143

Flouride Treatments

BRIGADE INFORMATION:

Working closely with the Medical Program, the Dental Program provides fillings, extractions, and fluoride treatments as a standard part of medical brigades. Community members from Santa Isabel attend Dental Brigades in the health center of Santa Isabel. The average amount of patients seen per day is 18 patients, with approximately 10-15 minutes per patient.

Santa Isabel offers strong support on Dental Brigades from the community volunteers. One way the 8-15 community volunteers assist is by running intake. Intake is the very first station of the clinic and is where the community volunteers write down the patient’s name, date of birth, community, and identification number. Additionally, community volunteers manage clinic organization. They set up tables and chairs in the clinic prior to the brigade’s arrival as well as direct patients to the next medical station, once the clinic has opened for the day. Lastly, community volunteers lead adult health education sessions on oral health and hygiene. Santa Isabel’s community volunteers are essential the efficiency and effectiveness of Dental Brigades.

AVERAGE PATIENTS ATTENDED PER DAY: 18

NEARBY COMMUNITIES: SECTOR 38, 39, & 40

BRIGADE SITE: HEALTH CENTER

MEDICAL & DENTAL VOLUNTEERS IN THE COMMUNITY:

Chapter Date # Of Volunteers Chapter Date # Of Volunteers
Montclair State University Medical Brigade May 2014 16 Carnegie Mellon University Medical Brigade March 2015 29
San Francisco State University Medical Brigade May 2015 51 Vanderbilt University Medical Brigade March 2016 35

Water

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

Currently, Santa Isabel utilizes a gravity-based system . The system was constructed in the 2010’s, and has in-home connections to 93% of the households. There are seven elected Water Council members whose responsibility is to maintain the system and make repairs when needed. The community as a whole supports the system’s maintenance with their monthly water fee. While this system has certainly increased access, the system is in need of repair. At times, especially during the dry season (November- May), the community will only have water three days a week for one to two hours at a time. 

 

Water System : Yes
Type of Water System : Gravity-based with in-home connections
% of Homes with Access to Water : 93%
Water Council : Yes

Business

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

Global Brigades is working on the implementation of the Holistic Model in Santa Isabel but has not yet begun with the Business Program. In the planning phase, local staff is working with community members to assess the economic needs of the community, establish a community bank, and identify micro-enterprises that can benefit from on-brigade consultations. 

Community Bank : No
Community Bank Members : None
Economic Activities : Agricultural labor & coffee farming
Existing Microenterprises : Agricultural cooperative

Public Health

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

While 100% of Santa Isabel has a latrine, many are in poor condition or are not functioning. Global Brigades is working on the implementation of the Holistic Model in Santa Isabel but has not yet begun with the Public Health Program. Now in the planning phase, the financing, delivery, and installation of household health infrastructure products will start as soon as feasible.

% of Homes with Latrines : 100%
% of Homes with Showers : 0%
% of Homes with Washing Station : 2%
Common House Materials : Wood

Local Reference Points

View the map to see the closest volunteer lodging facilities, hospitals, and other relevant points of reference.

  • Feature