HEALTH CARE ACCESS
The Honduran government provides two different types of health centers throughout rural Honduras: Centros de Salud Médico Odontológico (CESAMOs) and Centros de Salud Rural (CESARs). CESAMOs are the larger of the two, often found in municipalities, and typically have at least one physician on staff at all times with nurses and potentially a dentist. CESARs are found sporadically in rural communities and generally have a single nurse available. Even with this coverage, it is important to note that medications, supplies, and materials are often not available in these health centers and the physician density in Honduras remains around 1,220 people for every one doctor. According to the World Health Organization, there should be a maximum of 435 people per physician to qualify a country as having adequate access to medical attention.
There is no health center in the community of El Jiote. If community members need to receive medical attention, they must walk two and a half kilometers to the nearest CESAMO in San Bernardo. However, this health center only sometimes has the medications that patients need. The health center does not have access to a laboratory, and there are no private clinics in the area. The most common illnesses reported by community members include diarrhea, fevers, the common cold, zika, and vomiting.