Anita

  • Overview
  • Medical
  • Dental
  • Water
  • Business
  • Public Health

Overview

Anita is located in the mountainous region of northern Nicaragua in the department of Jinotega. A typical house is made of wood. The community has access to a local health center 6 kilometers away as well as a multigrade primary school. 127 students attend the primary school with 4 teachers and 4 classrooms. The primary school goes up to grade six, and there is no secondary school located in Anita.  Most people in the community work as agricultural and coffee laborers.

Global Brigades is currently working with the Business Program in Anita. In their communication with Global Brigades, the top three needs expressed were access to clean water, access to public health infrastructure, and access to health care. Anita is on the waitlist for continuing Holistic Model implementation as part of Global Brigades’ strategic plan in Nicaragua.

Municipality: Jinotega

Department: Jinotega

Homes : 44
Population : 170
Water System : No
Community Bank : Yes
Electricity : Yes
Health Center : No
Community Health Workers : Yes
% of Homes with Latrines : 20%
Education : Up to 6th Grade
Distance from Lodging Facility : 1 hr and 30 minutes

Medical

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

HEALTH CARE ACCESS:

Healthcare access in Nicaragua is structured by the Ministry of Health, based in the capital, Managua. From there, each of the fifteen departments has it’s own department hospital, which is overseen by the SILAIS administrations (Sistema Local de Atención Integral en Salud). At a municipality level, there is a health center (Centro de Salud) for every municipality within the department. While they are not hospitals, health centers in the municipality are typically staffed with one doctor, and two nurses, that can attend patients with chronic, communicable, or noncommunicable diseases, as well as pregnancies. They, however, do not have the ability to perform surgeries. Lastly, most but not all communities have a Puesto de Salud, a smaller health center. These health centers are usually staffed with only one nurse and a rotating physician. Physicians are staffed in these health centers by Nicaragua’s Social Service. This is an initiative that requires Nicaraguan medical students to do two years of service in rural communities prior to graduating.  The physician density in Nicaragua is approximately 1,099 people for every one doctor.  According to the World Health Organization, there should be a maximum of 435 people per physician to qualify a country as having adequate access to medical attention. This density is significantly lower for the 40.6% of the population that lives in rural areas. It is for this reason that Nicaragua’s Social Service initiative brings medical students to these communities. However, access remains limited since these training physicians may be assigned to up to fifteen communities at a time.  

Anita does not have a health center within the community, nor community health workers to attend the health necessities of the community members. The closest Health Center is located 6km away. Unfortunately, people do not always people get what they need there and must travel 2 hours to Jinotega in order to have medicine and specialized attention.  

Currently, the community has issues with mosquitoes due to the thick vegetation within the community. Also, the community sees issues with hygiene due to latrines being damaged and outdated. The three top illnesses found in children are the flu, the common cold, and diarrhea. Some top illnesses found in adults are hypertension and diabetes.

Dental

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

DENTAL CARE ACCESS:

While medical access is low, dental access is even more sparing. Dental services are not available within the community health centers, or even the municipality health centers. Instead, if a patient was needing dental care, they would be required to travel to one of the country’s fifteen department hospitals. This could be up to a 2-3 hour bus ride, with many needing to first walk or horseback ride to the bus stop.

Water

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

ANITA’S WATER CHALLENGE:

Currently, the community of Anita does not have a water system. People collect water directly in several springs or water sources located in nearby mountains. Many of the people funnel the water through hoses directly to their houses however not all the community members are at the same level of coverage. Alternatively, ten households have access to pump wells on their private property.  Currently, the water is not treated and there have been no studies on quality. There is a partnership between Global Brigades and the Municipality of Jinotega in order to build the water system in 2019 which will supply water to the approximate 62 houses of Anita bringing water to approximately 255 individuals.

 

 

ANITA’S WATER SOLUTION:

After identifying a potential groundwater source in the community supplying 3.56 gallons per minute of water, Global Brigades presented the design details of the water system to the municipality of Jinotega. In turn, the municipality requested Global Brigades’ support to supply 30 additional houses with water in return for counterpart funding. Currently, the WASH team is working to identify an additional water source to supplement the increased number of households. 

Water System : No
Type of Water System : Spring/ Waterholes
% of Homes with Access to Water : 100
Water Council : Yes

Business

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

In February 2018, Global Brigades started working with the community bank, La Esperanza, in the community of Anita. The community has had several community bank follow-ups with the Global Brigades team as well as trainings to strengthen the community bank. As of recent, the community bank has 16 members.

Public Health

Program Status

  • Planning
  • Active
  • Complete

Global Brigades is working on the implementation of the Holistic Model in Anita but has not yet begun with the Public Health Program. Now in the planning phase, the financing, delivery, and installation of household health infrastructure products will start as soon as feasible.

% of Homes with Latrines : 20
% of Homes with Showers : 0
% of Homes with Washing Station : 1
Common House Materials : Wood

Local Reference Points

View the map to see the closest volunteer lodging facilities, hospitals, and other relevant points of reference.

  • Feature