HEALTH CARE ACCESS
The Honduran government provides two different types of health centers throughout rural Honduras: Centros de Salud Médico Odontológico (CESAMOs) and Centros de Salud Rural (CESARs). CESAMOs are the larger of the two, often found in municipalities, and typically have at least one physician on staff at all times with nurses and potentially a dentist. CESARs are found sporadically in rural communities and generally have a single nurse available. Even with this coverage, it is important to note that medications, supplies, and materials are often not available in these health centers and the physician density in Honduras remains around 1,220 people for every one doctor. According to the World Health Organization, there should be a maximum of 435 people per physician to qualify a country as having adequate access to medical attention.
The community of El Portillo has access to a health care center in the nearest community of Teupasenti located 10 kilometers away. It is not always adequately staffed nor does it always have adequate medications in stock. The most common illnesses children face are the common cold, intestinal infections, and respiratory issues. The most common illnesses seen in adults are hypertension and diabetes.