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El Canton, Honduras

 

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General Information

El Paraiso Honduras Picture.png

Population* 450
Number of homes 75
Avg # of people per home 6.0
Electricity No
GPS

N 14° 13.252’

W 086° 47.436’
Altitude 711m
Municipality Teupasenti
Department El Paraiso
Corresponding Health Center CESAMO-Teupasenti
Distance from compounds 2 hours and 30 minutes
Road conditions Fair

* Population does not reflect how many patients will be seen on medical
brigades as many people from surrounding communities come seeking
Medical Brigades medical attention.

 

Top Three Needs Expressed

The top needs expressed by the key community members are electricity, a community center and/or expansion of school, and the completion of the drinking water project as well as new latrines.

Education

El Canton’s educational system includes Kinder and El Canton.jpg

Primary schools (through 6th grade). There are 45 students at the schools in the community and Erminda Ramirez is the school director. It is approximated that about 80% of the community knows how to read and write.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water

El Canton has a water system that was first constructed in 1992 by the government-supported project ALA 8620, and most recently re-constructed in 2004. However, the project never finished completely, as they left the tank in El Jute which is located at a lower altitude and does not adequately provide for El Canton. Currently,El Canton would need a tank in the community and new tubing to be able to have access to a direct source. Water arrives every day and is not currently being chlorinated1.  85% of the community is connected to the current system.  There is a Water Council with 3 active members, led by president Reinaldo Cerrato.

Health

El Canton does not have a rural health center in the community. The nearest health center is in Teupasenti, about a 2 hour, 30-minute walking distance, and is staffed by full-time physicians and nurses including Lic. Doris Lainz. There are 5 women in the community that assist the health center is monitoring child nutrition and vaccines as well as pregnancies.  Dental care is not available in community, though it is available in Teupasenti.

 

The most common illnesses seen by community members are asthma, the flu, diarrhea, arthritis, and diabetes. Approximately 30% of the community has latrines that currently function. 0% has eco-stoves (estufas justas), the majority uses normal stoves with chimneys. About 20% is estimated to have cement floors and 20% has pilas (water storage units).

 

Though there is no health data available at the community level for El Canton, below are some health center statistics from the CESAMO-Teupasenti2 that serves El Canton:

 

I. Caserios (small villages) served by CESAMO-Teupasenti, 2009

Caserios

Population

Number of Homes

Potable Water (%)

Latrines (%)

Malnourished Children
 (%, <5yrs)

Births/ % Coverage of Pregnancies

Order of Priority (based on HC standards)

TEUPASENTI*

4431

895

 

 

 

 

 

Comunidad

363

45

80

56

11

4 / 57%

5

Cerro Grande

217

29

0

3

20

6 / 100%

2

El Encino

579

112

68

25

30

8 / 53%

3

Buenos Aires

414

21

0

0

41

2 / 22%

1

Casas Viejas

281

32

84

75

4

6 / 60%

9

El Copantillo

416

36

58

33

0

2 / 33%

5

El Canton*

389

56

78

72

10

8 / 89%

5

La Ceibita

110

18

0

100

22

0 / 0%

5

El Corralito

106

12

0

0

0

1 / 25%

3

Santa Rosa #1*

213

48

69

52

11

13 / 100%

6

Santa Rosa #2*

364

38

88

88

25

13 / 100%

8

La Pita

196

28

45

21

23

3 / 60%

4

El Zapote

369

42

73

83

26

4 / 57%

6

San Jose del Potrero

395

54

83

83

7

11 / 73%

12

El Jute*

413

52

77

77

23

6 / 55%

5

Escobas Amarillas*

356

60

95

88

13

4 / 67%

10

Centro de Salud Statistics, Centro de Salud Regional-Danlí, 14 Marzo 2010

*Global Brigades also works in these communities with medical brigades.

Socio-economics

The average family income per month is estimated to be 1750 Lempiras, which is approximately L350 (US $18.53) per person3. The majority of homes are made of adobe. The main form of employment is in agriculture on owned land and the main products that are cultivated in the community are corn and beans, some coffee in the mountains, and eggs and peppers. One key problem for agriculturists however are the many insects that make growing horticultures relatively risky. Members of El Canton have access to credit from BANADESA, a national agricultural loan agency, as well as a community bank named “La Espera” that was founded by PRODERCO in 2000 and currently has 15 members. There is another group of 10 community members who want to start another community bank and are potentially going to work with another organization like FUNED.

Other organizations working in community

El Canton does not receive medical brigades from any organization other than Global Brigades. In 1986, the National Resources state department worked on LORENA stoves, though most are no longer used. In 1992, ALA 8620 provided the last latrine project. PRODERCO is currently still working the community bank in El Canton.

Other observations of the community

El Canton is one of several communities in the large Teupasenti region where Global Brigades has a large presence and a strong working relationship with the local mayor.

Priority Rankings and Conclusions

Education

11th

Water

37th

Health

5th

Socio-economics

69th

Collaboration

6th

Overall

10th

Total communities evaluated: 97

 

Source of information: Key informant interview, Centro de Salud statistics

Date of interview: 18 May 2010

1The accepted regulation frequency for chlorinating water is every 4 days.

2CESAMO and CESAR are terms used for types of health centers. CESAMOs are larger, more comprehensive facilities that usually have a physician on staff at all times and occasionally a dentist. CESARs are more remote, less equipped facilities, usually with 1-2 nurses on staff.

3According to Red Solidaria and World Food Programme in Honduras, the average family is approximated at 5 people per household, the poverty line is L930 (US$49.23) per person per month, and the extreme poverty line is L617 (US$32.66) per person per month.

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